The short-term price impact of trades is universal
We analyse a proprietary dataset of trades by a single asset manager, comparing their price impact with that of the trades of the rest of the market. In the context of a linear propagator model we find no significant difference between the two, suggesting that both the magnitude and time dependence of impact are universal. This result is important as optimal execution policies often rely on propagators calibrated on anonymous data. We also find evidence that in the wake of a trade the order flow of other market participants first adds further copy-cat trades enhancing price impact on very short time scales. The induced order flow then quickly inverts, thereby contributing to impact decay.